Excel

How to Use the IF Function in Excel

How to Use the IF Function in Excel

The IF function in Excel is used to test a condition and return a value based on the result. The function has the following syntax:

=IF(condition, value_if_true, value_if_false)

The condition can be a simple statement, such as "A1 > 5", or it can be a more complex statement using operators such as AND and OR. The value_if_true and value_if_false can be any type of value, including text, numbers, and arrays.

To use the IF function, enter the function into the cell where you want the result to appear. The condition goes into the parentheses, and the value_if_true and value_if_false go on either side of the comma. For example, if you want to test whether a number is greater than 5, you would enter the following into the cell:

=IF(A1>5, "High", "Low")

This would return "High" if the number in A1 is greater than 5, and "Low" if the number is less than or equal to 5.

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