BINOM.DIST: Google Sheets Formulae Explained

The BINOM.DIST function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool that can be used to calculate the individual term binomial distribution probability. This function is particularly useful in statistical analysis, allowing users to make predictions based on specific variables. In this detailed guide, we will delve into the intricacies of the BINOM.DIST function, exploring its syntax, uses, and potential pitfalls.

Understanding the BINOM.DIST Function

The BINOM.DIST function is a statistical function that calculates the probability of obtaining a certain number of successes in a fixed number of trials. This function is based on the binomial distribution model, a probability distribution that summarizes the likelihood of a binary outcome in a series of experiments.

For example, if you were to flip a coin 10 times, the BINOM.DIST function could be used to calculate the probability of getting exactly 5 heads. This function is extremely versatile and can be applied to a wide range of scenarios, from business forecasting to scientific research.

Syntax of the BINOM.DIST Function

The BINOM.DIST function follows a specific syntax in Google Sheets. It requires four arguments: number of successes, number of trials, probability of success on each trial, and a cumulative flag.

The syntax is as follows: BINOM.DIST(number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative)

Understanding the Arguments

Each argument in the BINOM.DIST function plays a crucial role in calculating the binomial distribution probability. Let's break down each one:

  • number_s: This argument represents the number of successes in trials. It must be a number between 0 and 'trials'.
  • trials: This argument represents the number of independent trials. It must be a number between 0 and the maximum allowable number in Google Sheets.
  • probability_s: This argument represents the probability of success on each trial. It must be a number between 0 and 1.
  • cumulative: This argument is a logical value that determines the form of the function. If cumulative is TRUE, BINOM.DIST returns the cumulative distribution function; if FALSE, it returns the probability mass function.

Applying the BINOM.DIST Function

Now that we understand the syntax and arguments of the BINOM.DIST function, let's explore how to apply this function in Google Sheets.

Consider a scenario where you're conducting a survey on a sample of 100 people. You want to know the probability of exactly 50 people responding positively. Assuming the probability of a positive response is 0.5, you can use the BINOM.DIST function to calculate this probability.

Step-by-Step Guide

To calculate the binomial distribution probability, follow these steps:

  1. Open a new Google Sheets document.
  2. In cell A1, type "Number of Successes". In cell B1, type "50".
  3. In cell A2, type "Number of Trials". In cell B2, type "100".
  4. In cell A3, type "Probability of Success". In cell B3, type "0.5".
  5. In cell A4, type "Cumulative". In cell B4, type "FALSE".
  6. In cell A5, type "BINOM.DIST". In cell B5, enter the formula: =BINOM.DIST(B1, B2, B3, B4).
  7. Press Enter. The result displayed in cell B5 is the binomial distribution probability.

Common Errors and Troubleshooting

While the BINOM.DIST function is straightforward to use, it's not uncommon to encounter errors. These errors usually occur due to incorrect input values or misunderstandings about the function's requirements.

#NUM! Error

The #NUM! error typically occurs when the input values do not meet the function's requirements. For example, if the number of successes is greater than the number of trials, or if the probability of success is not between 0 and 1, Google Sheets will return a #NUM! error.

#VALUE! Error

The #VALUE! error occurs when the input values are of the wrong data type. For example, if the number of successes is a text string instead of a number, Google Sheets will return a #VALUE! error. Always ensure that your input values are in the correct format.


The BINOM.DIST function is a powerful tool in Google Sheets for statistical analysis. By understanding its syntax and arguments, and knowing how to apply it correctly, you can leverage this function to make accurate predictions and informed decisions based on your data.

Remember to always check your input values and ensure they meet the function's requirements to avoid errors. With practice, you'll become proficient in using the BINOM.DIST function to calculate binomial distribution probabilities.

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