BIN2HEX: Google Sheets Formulae Explained

Understanding the BIN2HEX formula in Google Sheets is crucial for anyone who regularly works with binary and hexadecimal conversions. This function, though seemingly complex, can be simplified and easily used with a bit of practice. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details of the BIN2HEX function, its syntax, and how to use it effectively.

Understanding the BIN2HEX Function

The BIN2HEX function is a built-in formula in Google Sheets that converts a binary number to a hexadecimal number. Binary numbers are base-2 numbers, while hexadecimal numbers are base-16. This function is particularly useful in computing and digital systems where binary and hexadecimal numbers are frequently used.

It's important to note that the BIN2HEX function in Google Sheets is case-insensitive. This means that it doesn't differentiate between upper-case and lower-case letters. For instance, 'A' and 'a' in hexadecimal are considered the same.

The Syntax of the BIN2HEX Function

The BIN2HEX function follows a specific syntax to perform the conversion. The syntax is as follows:

BIN2HEX(binary_number, [significant_digits])

In this syntax, 'binary_number' refers to the binary number you want to convert into hexadecimal. The 'significant_digits' is an optional parameter that specifies the number of digits in the hexadecimal number. If you omit this parameter, Google Sheets uses the minimum number of digits necessary to represent the number.

How to Use the BIN2HEX Function

Now that we understand what the BIN2HEX function is and its syntax, let's explore how to use it. The application of this function is straightforward and involves a few simple steps.

Step-by-step Guide to Using BIN2HEX

1. Open a Google Sheets document and select the cell where you want the result to appear.

2. Type '=BIN2HEX(' into the cell.

3. Enter the binary number you want to convert. If the binary number is in another cell, you can simply click on that cell.

4. If you want to specify the number of significant digits, enter the number after a comma. If not, you can skip this step.

5. Close the parenthesis and press Enter. Google Sheets will now display the hexadecimal equivalent of the binary number.

Examples of BIN2HEX Usage

Let's look at a few examples to better understand how to use the BIN2HEX function.

Example 1: Convert the binary number 1010 to hexadecimal.

In this case, you would enter '=BIN2HEX(1010)' into a cell. After pressing Enter, Google Sheets will display 'A', which is the hexadecimal equivalent of 1010.

Example 2: Convert the binary number 1111 with four significant digits.

Here, you would enter '=BIN2HEX(1111, 4)' into a cell. After pressing Enter, Google Sheets will display '000F'. The '000' are the leading zeros added to make the total number of digits four.

Common Errors with the BIN2HEX Function

While the BIN2HEX function is relatively simple to use, it's not uncommon to encounter errors. Understanding these errors can help you troubleshoot and correct them.

Error: #NUM!

This error occurs when the binary number entered is negative or if it's not a valid binary number. Remember, binary numbers only consist of 0s and 1s.

Error: #VALUE!

This error occurs when the entered binary number is not a number at all. For instance, if you enter a text string instead of a number, Google Sheets will return a #VALUE! error.


The BIN2HEX function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool for converting binary numbers to hexadecimal. With a clear understanding of its syntax and usage, you can easily perform these conversions and enhance your data manipulation skills. Remember to check for common errors and ensure you're entering valid binary numbers to avoid any issues.

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