ATANH: Google Sheets Formulae Explained

In the world of spreadsheets, Google Sheets stands out as a powerful tool for data manipulation and analysis. One of the key features that make Google Sheets so versatile is its wide array of built-in functions. Among these, the ATANH function is a mathematical formula that may seem complex at first glance, but can be incredibly useful in certain scenarios. This guide will delve into the intricacies of the ATANH function, explaining its purpose, how it works, and how you can use it effectively in your Google Sheets.

Understanding the ATANH Function

The ATANH function, short for hyperbolic arctangent, is a mathematical function that returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number. In simpler terms, if the hyperbolic tangent of a number 'y' is 'x', then the ATANH function will return 'y' when 'x' is given as input. This function is particularly useful in advanced mathematical calculations and data analysis.

Like many other Google Sheets functions, ATANH is a function that operates on a single input value. The syntax for the function is straightforward: ATANH(value), where 'value' is the number for which you want to find the inverse hyperbolic tangent. It's important to note that the 'value' must be a numeric value between -1 and 1, exclusive. If the value is outside this range, Google Sheets will return an error.

Practical Applications of the ATANH Function

While the ATANH function may seem esoteric, it has practical applications in various fields. In physics, it is used in calculations involving hyperbolic motion. In engineering, it can be used in signal processing and control systems. In finance, it can be used in calculations involving compound interest or growth rates. These are just a few examples; the ATANH function can be used in any field that requires complex mathematical calculations.

Moreover, the ATANH function can be combined with other Google Sheets functions to create more complex formulas. For example, you can use it with the IF function to perform a calculation only if a certain condition is met. Or, you can use it with the ARRAYFORMULA function to apply the ATANH function to an entire range of cells at once.

How to Use the ATANH Function in Google Sheets

Step-by-Step Guide

Using the ATANH function in Google Sheets is straightforward. First, click on the cell where you want the result to appear. Then, type '=' followed by 'ATANH(' and the value for which you want to find the inverse hyperbolic tangent. Close the parentheses and press Enter. Google Sheets will calculate the result and display it in the selected cell.

For example, if you want to find the inverse hyperbolic tangent of 0.5, you would type '=ATANH(0.5)' in the cell. After pressing Enter, Google Sheets will display the result, which is approximately 0.5493.

Using the ATANH Function with Cell References

Instead of typing the value directly into the formula, you can also use a cell reference. This is particularly useful when working with large datasets. To do this, replace the 'value' in the formula with the cell reference. For example, if the value is in cell A1, you would type '=ATANH(A1)'.

When using cell references, you can also apply the ATANH function to a range of cells by dragging the fill handle (the small square at the bottom-right corner of the cell). This will copy the formula to the selected cells, with the cell references adjusted automatically.

Troubleshooting Common Errors

While the ATANH function is simple to use, there are a few common errors that you might encounter. The most common one is '#NUM!', which occurs when the input value is outside the valid range (-1 to 1, exclusive). To fix this error, make sure that the input value is within the valid range.

Another common error is '#VALUE!', which occurs when the input value is non-numeric. The ATANH function only works with numeric values, so make sure that the input is a number. If the input value is in a cell, check that the cell does not contain any non-numeric characters.


The ATANH function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool for performing complex mathematical calculations. While it may seem intimidating at first, understanding how it works and how to use it effectively can greatly enhance your data analysis capabilities. Whether you're a student, a data analyst, or just someone who likes to crunch numbers, mastering the ATANH function can be a valuable addition to your spreadsheet skills.

Remember, the key to mastering Google Sheets functions is practice. So, don't be afraid to experiment with the ATANH function and see what it can do. Happy spreadsheeting!

Take Your Data Analysis Further with Causal

If you're intrigued by the capabilities of functions like ATANH in Google Sheets and want to explore an alternative designed specifically for number crunching and data analysis, Causal is your go-to platform. With intuitive tools for modelling, forecasting, and scenario planning, plus powerful data visualization options, Causal transforms the way you work with data. It's quick to learn, and you can start building interactive dashboards in no time. Ready to elevate your data game? Sign up today and experience the simplicity and power of Causal for yourself.

Move beyond 

Google Sheets

Get started with Causal today.
Build models effortlessly, connect them directly to your data, and share them with interactive dashboards and beautiful visuals.