Excel Guides

How to use complex lookup formulas in Excel

There are a few different ways to use complex lookup formulas in Excel. One way is to use the VLOOKUP function. This function takes two arguments, the value to look up and the range of cells to search. The syntax for this function is:

=VLOOKUP(value, range, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

The value argument is the value that you want to look up. The range argument is the range of cells that you want to search. The col_index_num argument is the column number in the range that contains the value that you want to return. The [range_lookup] argument is optional and is either TRUE or FALSE. If it is TRUE, then Excel will find the closest match to the value that you are looking up. If it is FALSE, then Excel will find an exact match.

Another way to use complex lookup formulas in Excel is to use the INDEX and MATCH functions together. The INDEX function returns a value from a given array based on a row and column number. The syntax for this function is:

=INDEX(array, row_num, column_num)

The array argument is the array of cells that you want to return a value from. The row_num argument is the row number in the array that contains the value that you want to return. The column_num argument is the column number in the array that contains the value that you want to return.

The MATCH function returns the position of a given value in an array of values. The syntax for this function is:

=MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])

The lookup_value argument is the value that you want to look up. The lookup_array argument is the array of cells that you want to search. The [match_type] argument is optional and can be either 0, 1, or -1. If it is 0, then Excel will find an exact match. If it is 1, then Excel will find the largest value less than or equal to the lookup_value. If it is -1, then Excel will find the smallest value greater than or equal to the lookup_value.

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