Financial modelling terms explained


Unlock the world of financial modeling with our comprehensive guide to tax terminology.

Understanding the complex world of financial modelling can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to tax-related terms. This guide aims to demystify these terms, providing clear and concise explanations to help you navigate this intricate field.

Introduction to Financial Modelling

Financial modelling is a quantitative analysis used to forecast a business's financial performance. It involves creating an abstract representation of a real-world financial situation. This model can then be manipulated to test different financial scenarios and strategies, making it a vital tool in business planning and decision-making.

Financial modelling is used in various sectors, including investment banking, corporate finance, and risk management. It plays a crucial role in business valuation, capital budgeting, and strategic planning. Understanding the terminology used in financial modelling, particularly tax-related terms, is essential for anyone involved in these areas.

Tax-Related Terms in Financial Modelling

There are several tax-related terms used in financial modelling. These terms are critical to understanding the tax implications of different financial scenarios and strategies. Let's delve into some of these terms and their meanings.

Corporate Tax

Corporate tax is a levy placed on the profit of a firm to raise taxes. It is an expense of the business and is often included in financial models to assess the net income after taxes. The corporate tax rate varies from one jurisdiction to another, affecting the profitability and investment decisions of a business.

Understanding how corporate tax works is crucial in financial modelling. It helps in forecasting future tax liabilities and evaluating the impact of tax on business profitability.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax refers to the tax effect of temporary differences between the accounting income that is reported in the financial statements and the taxable income. This concept is essential in financial modelling as it affects the company's future tax liabilities.

Deferred tax can be an asset if it is expected that the company will pay less tax in the future, or a liability if the company will pay more tax. Understanding deferred tax is crucial in assessing a company's future financial health.

Tax Shield

A tax shield is a reduction in taxable income for an individual or corporation achieved through claiming allowable deductions such as mortgage interest, medical expenses, charitable donations, amortization, and depreciation. These shields are valuable because they save cash by reducing tax payments.

In financial modelling, the concept of a tax shield is often used to increase the value of a business by reducing its taxable income. This can significantly impact the financial model's output, influencing investment decisions and business strategy.

Importance of Understanding Tax Terms in Financial Modelling

Understanding tax-related terms in financial modelling is vital for several reasons. Firstly, it allows for accurate forecasting of a company's future tax liabilities. This can help in strategic planning and decision-making, ensuring that the company is prepared for any future tax obligations.

Secondly, understanding tax terms can help in evaluating the tax implications of different financial scenarios and strategies. This can aid in choosing the most tax-efficient strategy, potentially saving the company significant amounts of money.

Lastly, a solid understanding of tax terms can help in communicating effectively with stakeholders. This can enhance transparency and trust, contributing to the overall success of the business.


Understanding tax-related terms in financial modelling is essential for anyone involved in financial planning, decision-making, or communication. It allows for accurate forecasting, effective strategy selection, and clear communication with stakeholders. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you can navigate the complex world of financial modelling with confidence and ease.

Remember, this guide is just a starting point. There are many more tax-related terms used in financial modelling, each with its own nuances and implications. Always seek professional advice when dealing with complex financial matters to ensure that you are making the most informed decisions possible.

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