Financial modelling terms explained

# Expenses

Business expenses are costs that are necessary for a company to function on a day-to-day basis. These expenses do not produce any income for the company. They are essential for the company's survival.

## What Are Expenses?

In business, expenses are the costs of doing business. They can be categorized into three types: fixed, variable, and discretionary. Fixed expenses are those that remain the same from month to month, such as rent or a mortgage payment. Variable expenses fluctuate with the amount of business activity, such as the cost of materials used in production. Discretionary expenses are those that can be changed or eliminated based on a company's needs and financial situation, such as entertainment or travel costs.

## How Do You Calculate Expenses?

There are a few ways to calculate expenses:

-Fixed costs: These are costs that do not change with the amount of product or services produced. They are often monthly expenses, like rent or a mortgage payment. To calculate fixed costs, divide the total cost by the number of months in the year. This will give you the monthly cost.

-Variable costs: These costs change with the amount of product or services produced. They are often per unit costs, like the price of materials used in production. To calculate variable costs, divide the total cost by the number of units produced. This will give you the per unit cost.

-Total cost: This is the sum of both fixed and variable costs. To calculate total cost, simply add the fixed cost and the variable cost.

-Unit cost: This is the cost of a single unit of a product or service. To calculate unit cost, divide the total cost by the number of units produced.

## What's the Difference Between a Fixed Cost and an Expense?

A fixed cost is a cost that does not change in amount regardless of the level of business activity. An expense is a cost that does change in amount with the level of business activity.

## What is An Example of an Expense?

One example of an expense is rent. Rent is a regular payment that is made to a landlord in exchange for the use of property. Other common expenses include utilities, transportation, and food. These expenses can vary depending on a person's lifestyle and location.

## What are Some Common Types of Expenses?

There are many different types of expenses that a company may incur. Some common expenses include:

-Salaries and employee benefits

-Rent and utilities

-Equipment and supplies

-Shipping and transportation

-Legal and professional fees

-Taxes and duties

-Interest payments

-Depreciation and amortization

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