metrics explained

## debt-to-equity ratio vs equity-to-assets ratio: What's the Difference?

When it comes to financial ratios, two of the most commonly used are the debt-to-equity ratio and the equity-to-assets ratio. But what exactly do these ratios measure, and how do they differ? Read on to find out.

## What is the debt-to-equity ratio?

The debt-to-equity ratio, also known as the "leverage ratio," is a financial ratio that measures the amount of debt a company has compared to its equity. To calculate the debt-to-equity ratio, simply divide a company's total liabilities by its total shareholder equity. The resulting number will be expressed as a percentage, and will give you an idea of how much debt a company is using to finance its operations and growth.

## What is the equity-to-assets ratio?

The equity-to-assets ratio is a financial ratio that measures the amount of equity a company has compared to its assets. To calculate the equity-to-assets ratio, simply divide a company's total shareholder equity by its total assets. The resulting number will be expressed as a percentage, and will give you an idea of how much of a company's assets are financed by equity.

## How do the debt-to-equity ratio and equity-to-assets ratio differ?

The main difference between the debt-to-equity ratio and the equity-to-assets ratio is what they're measuring. The debt-to-equity ratio measures the amount of debt a company has compared to its equity, while the equity-to-assets ratio measures the amount of equity a company has compared to its assets. Both ratios can be used to assess a company's financial health, but they provide different insights.

## When is the debt-to-equity ratio used?

The debt-to-equity ratio is typically used by creditors and investors to assess a company's financial risk. A high debt-to-equity ratio indicates that a company is highly leveraged, which means it is using a lot of debt to finance its operations. This can be a good thing or a bad thing, depending on the circumstances. A company that is growing rapidly and has a lot of future potential may be able to handle a high debt load, while a company that is struggling might not be able to. Creditors and investors will also look at a company's industry and compare its debt-to-equity ratio to that of its peers to get a better idea of how risky it is.

## When is the equity-to-assets ratio used?

The equity-to-assets ratio is typically used by investors to assess a company's financial health. A high equity-to-assets ratio indicates that a company has a lot of equity relative to its assets, which means it is financed primarily by equity. This can be a good thing or a bad thing, depending on the circumstances. A company with a high equity-to-assets ratio may be considered to be financially healthy, but it may also be considered to be high risk because it has less room for error. A company with a low equity-to-assets ratio may be considered to be financially unhealthy, but it may also be considered to be low risk because it has more room for error. As with the debt-to-equity ratio, investors will also look at a company's industry and compare its equity-to-assets ratio to that of its peers to get a better idea of its financial health.

## What are some limitations of the debt-to-equity ratio and equity-to-assets ratio?

One limitation of both the debt-to-equity ratio and the equity-to-assets ratio is that they only provide a snapshot of a company's financial situation at a specific point in time. This can be misleading, because a company's financial situation can change rapidly. Another limitation is that these ratios only take into account a company's debt and equity, and they don't take into account other important factors such as a company's cash flow or its ability to generate revenue. Finally, these ratios only provide a general idea of a company's financial health, and they shouldn't be used as the sole basis for making investment decisions.

## The Bottom Line

The debt-to-equity ratio and the equity-to-assets ratio are two of the most commonly used financial ratios. They both measure a company's financial risk, but they do so in different ways. The debt-to-equity ratio measures the amount of debt a company has compared to its equity, while the equity-to-assets ratio measures the amount of equity a company has compared to its assets. Both ratios can be used to assess a company's financial health, but they provide different insights.